Venice is the most amazing and most famous city in the world – a city on the water, which arose on a hundred islands connected by a network of 160 canals through which more than four hundred bridges and bridges were crossed. A four-kilometer automobile bridge connects it to the mainland. It is the only city in the world where there is no ground transportation. Everyone moves either on foot or by water: on gondolas, boats and water trams.
One of the most beautiful and romantic cities in the world. He conquers at first sight. Majestic and beautiful palaces form a bizarre and mysterious world, where the estranged grace of Gothic style is adjacent to the magnificent luxury of Baroque. And almost everywhere is heard the splashing of water, which, washing the basement of buildings, reflects architectural masterpieces.
From the history of Venice
The city was founded in the VI century by several groups of exiles who took refuge in the lagoon from barbarian hordes. For a long time Venice was an independent republic, it owned possessions in Istria, Dalmatia and Greece. In 1204, the Venetian crusaders captured Constantinople. Venice retained the status of a great sea power until the sixteenth century. With the advent of new trading powers – Spain, England and Holland, the republic is gradually losing its power. Finally, the star of Venice rolled up with the arrival of Napoleon’s troops. In 1796, he abolished the Venetian constitution, which had been in force since 1297, and removed the republic from the political arena, and in 1797 transferred the entire territory to the sworn enemy of Venice to the Austrian Habsburg house.
The accession of Venice to Italy occurred only in 1866.
All the buildings of this city rest on a special, multi-layered foundation system, invented specifically to neutralize the silty soil of the lagoon. The lowest layer immersed in water consists of wooden piles driven into the soil .. Then comes the wooden flooring. A stone foundation was laid on it, on which the walls of the houses rest.
The city was formed in the period from VI to VII century, and from the XII century its growth stopped.
Venice is a city admired by Goethe, Byron, Hemingway, Turgenev and others. A great place where famous sights are located at every step.
St. Mark’s Square
Grand Canal and Rialto Bridge
Palaces of venice
Carnival and holidays
The heart of Venice is the amazingly beautiful and largest square of San Marco. St. Mark has been the intercessor and patron of Venice since 828, when the Venetians managed to steal the relics of the Evangelist Mark from the Turks and take them out of Alexandria. Over its long history, Piazza San Marco has witnessed various processions, spectacles, political events and countless carnivals. Tourists flock here in thousands to see the two most important historical monuments located here – the grandiose Cathedral (Basilica) of St. Mark and the stone lace of the Doge’s Palace. These delightful buildings are complemented by a Campanilla (100 m high), which pierced the sky, where Galileo Galilei installed his first telescope in 1609, as well as the Correr Museum and Torre del Oroolgio, not to mention the Giardinetti Reali gardens, open-air orchestras, and ancient elegant cafes – Quadri and Florian (Florian is considered the oldest cafe in Europe and the most famous cafe in Venice), as well as many trendy shops. At the very edge of the square are two columns – the symbolic gate to Venice. One of them is decorated with the legendary lion, and the other is a statue of St. Theodora. Napoleon described this square as “the most elegant living room in Europe.”
Piazza San Marco is the lowest place in Venice. When floods occur in the city (in Italian “aqua alta”) the area turns into a small lake. People move on wooden floors and drink coffee in rubber boots.