Sights of Milan
The museum, founded in the 17th century by Cardinal Federico Borromeo, is considered one of the best galleries in Milan. The collection contains works of 15-17 centuries. Here you can contemplate such masterpieces of painting as the “Fruit Basket” by Caravaggio, Raphael’s paintings for the Vatican fresco “School of Athens”, as well as paintings by Titian, Botticelli, Leonardo and other artists. The adjoining library (Biblioteca Ambrosiana, 1609) also sometimes exhibits and is considered the oldest public library in Italy.
Basilica of Saint Ambrogio
The most ancient architectural monument – the Basilica of Sant Ambrogio was built in the IV century in honor of St. Ambrogio, but was rebuilt in the IX-XI centuries and is now an excellent example of the Lombard Romanesque style.
Church of Santa Maria delle Grazie
The Church of Santa Maria delle Grazie is a Renaissance church in Milan, commissioned by Dominican monks to the architect Giuinforta Solari in 1466-1490. Subsequent modifications were made by the architect Donato Bramante in 1492-1497. The church is famous for the fresco of Leonardo da Vinci’s “Last Supper”, which the great artist wrote in 1495 – 1497 for the refectory of the Dominican monastery located here at that time. The fresco has undergone many centuries of adjustments, and it was also damaged during the wars. Thus, the Last Supper is no more than the shadow of a masterpiece created by the hand of the great painter. However, the fresco depicting Jesus Christ addressing his disciples: “Verily I say unto you, one of you will betray me,” still has a powerful effect on emotions.
Other huge treasures of the 15th century church itself are often overlooked, the largest of which are the graceful dome of the temple and other architectural innovations of one of the most famous architects of the high Renaissance Donato Bramante.
Duomo – Milan Cathedral
The most famous architectural monument and symbol of Milan – the Cathedral of Milan, is the fourth largest church in the world, which is located in the very center of Milan. The construction of the cathedral began in 1386 and continued until the middle of the 19th century, and even now the cathedral is updated from time to time, therefore the Italians erected a proverbial construction. This late Gothic miracle is the grandest and most complex construction of architecture. The cathedral, lined with white marble, contains a whole forest of spiers and sculptures, marble pointed pedestals and columns, woven together by a web of soaring supports, and seems weightless, lacy. Above the altar of the cathedral is a nail, which, they say, was brought from the crucifixion of Christ. The main attraction inside the cathedral and in the heart of every resident of the city is the golden statue of the patron saint of Milan (“La Madonnina”). The view from the roof of the building is the most impressive in the city.
Milan has its own center, vibrant and pulsating – the Piazza Duomo, on which several attractions are located at once: the Cathedral, the monument to Vittorio Emanuel, the gallery of Emanuel and a monument to him. Monument to Vittorio Emanuel by master Ercole Rosa is the center of Piazza Duomo and a place where tourists like to meet.
To the right of the cathedral is the yellow building of the royal palace, which until 1138 was the city government building, then the ducal palace of Visconti. The palace was badly destroyed in 1943 due to bombing, but it has been restored and now it houses the State Museum of Modern Art and the Museum of the Duomo Cathedral.
Castello Sforzesco – Sforza Castle
The construction of the castle, originally a military fortress, began in 1368. Later, the fortress was expanded and transformed into the residence of the powerful Visconti family. In 1450 the castle was completely reconstructed for the Sforza family, even more inclined to comfort. It was then that the castle reached the grandeur that today delights the guests of Milan. Now in the castle there is an art gallery, the collection of which contains paintings and sculptures by such masters as Michelangelo. Behind the castle is the 47-hectare Park Sampione park.
La Scala Opera House
Built by the famous architect Giuseppe Piermarini in 1177-1778. on the site of the church “Santa Maria della Scala” by order of the Austrian Archduke Maria Theresa, La Scala is one of the most famous opera houses in the world. The theater is known far beyond Milan for its incomparable acoustics and famous composers, whose works were staged here. Also, the glory of the theater is associated with the activities of the brilliant conductor Arturo Toscanini. The theater museum contains portraits of prominent composers and memorabilia associated with their names. In the center of the theater square stands a monument to Leonardo da Vinci.
Milan and fashion
Milan is the capital of fashion. Demonstrations of new fashion collections are held all year in Milan. The Milan fashion show is worthy of competition with similar fashion shows in Paris, London and Rome. Milan is famous for trendsetters, shops along Montenapoleone Street and the Vittorio Emanuele Gallery.