Verona is a city in northern Italy, the administrative center of the province of Verona. The second largest city in the Veneto region and one of the richest in Northern Italy. Located on the Adige River. The romantic city of Romeo and Juliet, a place of pilgrimage for lovers of the whole world.
From the history of Verona
Verona is considered one of the most ancient and beautiful Italian cities. The former Roman colony reached power thanks to its convenient location. Verona received the highest cultural development in the XIII-XIV centuries. during the Della Scala dynasty. From the beginning of the XV to the end of the XVIII centuries. the city was ruled by the Venetian Republic, and after – Napoleon and Austria. Only in the middle of the XIX century. Verona became part of the Italian Republic.
Verona is famous for its cultural and historical sights, which are both important business centers and venues for exhibitions and festivals.
City blocks are characterized by strict geometry, like a Roman legionnaire. The former Forum – the current “Grass Square” Erbe, the theater, arches, the oldest bridge – Ponte Pietra, has been preserved in its former place. Among all the attractions, the Roman Amphitheater Arena di Verona stands out – one of the most famous monuments of archeology in Europe, which was previously located outside the city. The third largest in the Roman Empire, now it is second only to the Colosseum.
It was built in the 1st century. AD Emperor Augustus. Forty-five spectators ranged for 22 thousand spectators.
In Roman times there were gladiatorial fights, in the Middle Ages – knightly fights and tournaments. The inhabitants of Verona have always been kind to the Arena. In the XVIII century. the arena became a theater. The last restoration was carried out at the beginning of the last century. Since then, the amphitheater, now accommodating 16 thousand spectators, has become a theater venue for annual opera festivals. The most famous performers of the world come here. Maria Callas, Placido Domingo, Jose Carreras, Luciano Pavarotti performed on this stage in Verona. And those who were lucky enough to listen to the voices of the stars under the starry sky of Italy say: the energy in this place is powerful and absolutely magical.
The greatest love lyric poet of Rome, Catullus, was born in Verona.
During the reign of Charlemagne, the city was enriched by Christian basilicas on the Adige, during the Middle Ages – by the Gothic church of St. Anastasia, but it acquired its present, almost unchanged appearance in the Renaissance.
In Piazza delle Erbe, neat square are 23 buildings, each of which I would like to look forever. Nice town hall with a medieval courtyard, 83-meter Lamberti tower. And the merchant’s house – the cashier de Mercanti – is remembered already because of the name alone.
The fountain of the Verona Madonna is one of the architectural monuments built in the 14th century. Cancinorio. It is located in the center of Piazza delle Erbe and next to it were merchant transactions. Now, when visiting Verona, a coin is thrown into the fountain – it is believed that it brings success in business.
Castelvecchio Castle was built in 1375 (the Moscow Kremlin was 125 years later: after all, in those days, long before glossy magazines, Italian fashion trends came to us with a considerable delay). In the Verona Kremlin, the museum is beautifully and quaintly arranged: you go from room to room along some sort of hanging bridges and sudden stairs, ending up in tiny kindergartens and courtyards.
In the halls there are works by Pisanello, Veronese, Tintoretto and Titian. In one of the courtyards there is an equestrian monument to the owner of the castle, tyrant Congarda. Dante admired this man when he saw in the Verona tyrant an ideal sovereign – such as he was represented at that time: educated, generous, ruthless and unaware of doubt.
Thanks to the great William, Verona acquired a halo of the capital of love.
Juliet’s house with a balcony used to belong to the Dal Capello family (translated into Russian “hat”). The surname of the Capulet family was also derived from the same “hat”; therefore, a hat is placed above the entrance to the arch of Juliet’s house, this time as a family coat of arms. A solid brick house with five floors was built in the XII century (the interiors, however, were rebuilt from XIV to XVII). Juliet’s house is now open to the public. Renaissance interiors are reproduced with love and care.
In general, there is a reverent attitude towards Juliet in Verona: historians have established the exact date of her birth and even the wedding day. Under the romantic balcony is a bronze sculpture of Juliet, prudently pressing one arm to her chest. The part uncovered by the hand is polished to a solar shine by thousands of touches and hugs. It is believed that touching the chest of Duletta will bring good luck in love affairs.
Belief is also connected with Juliet’s balcony: if the lovers kiss and recite the lines of confessions of Shakespearean heroes, they will always be together.
Until 2005, walls and doors could compete with the Wailing Wall in the number of notes left.